21 Things to Do Before Snorkeling: A Beginner’s Guide

Thinking about taking up snorkeling as your new hobby? There are some crucial things you should know about it. Even though it looks like you’re just floating along the water’s surface without seemingly a care in the world, there is actually a lot of safety tips that you need to keep in mind to ensure your snorkeling experience goes safely and smoothly.

Below, we go over the essential tips you should do both before and during your first snorkeling session.

21 Essential Tips for First-Time Snorkelers

things to do before snorkelingThis is not an exhaustive list of all the things you should do before and during snorkeling, but it covers the essentials, starting with:

  1. Learn Basic Snorkeling Skills: Knowing how to swim does not mean you know how to snorkel. Consider taking a basic snorkeling course. They can teach you useful skills, like how to clear your snorkel or equalize pressure in your mask and ears. If you don’t know how to swim, take a swimming course first, as being competent at swimming is highly recommended for snorkeling.
  2. Research Your Destination: For beginners, calm and clear waters with a lot of marine life close to the surface are ideal. Research or ask locals about local marine life, currents, and recommended snorkeling spots. Some areas might have dangerous marine life or strong currents that can be harmful to inexperienced snorkelers.
  3. Use Quality Equipment: Ensure that you have high-quality and well-fitted snorkeling equipment, including a mask, snorkel, and fins. There are plenty of buying guides that outline what to look for. It’s a safe bet to buy or rent from reputable stores. Before getting in the water, give your equipment a quick check. Ensure the snorkel is securely attached to the mask and that there are no cracks or breaks.
  4. Get a Mask that Fits Snug: The mask should fit snugly without being too tight. Breathe in through your nose while placing the mask on your face without using the strap; it should stay on without any support if it’s a good fit.
  5. Get Comfortable with Mask Defogging: Use a defogger solution or baby shampoo on the inside of your mask to prevent it from fogging up. Rinse it out before using. Spit is also a very good mask defogger in a pinch.
  6. Practice in Shallow Waters: Before going into deep waters, practice snorkeling in a shallow area or swimming pool. Get accustomed to breathing through the snorkel and clearing water from it. Practice deep, calm breaths as this helps in staying relaxed and conserving energy.
  7. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water before snorkeling to avoid cramps and dehydration. But avoid heavy meals, as it might make you feel sluggish.
  8. Apply Sunscreen: The sun can be particularly strong when reflected off the water. Use a reef-safe, water-resistant sunscreen to protect your skin and the marine environment.
  9. Never Snorkel Alone: Always snorkel with a buddy. It’s safer and more fun to have someone with you, especially if you run into any difficulties.
  10. Learn Basic Safety Signals: Understand and communicate with the basic hand signals. For example, a hand on the head means “I am okay,” while a waving hand means “I need assistance.” Make sure your buddy knows these hand signals too.
  11. Check Weather Conditions: Ensure the weather is suitable for snorkeling. Avoid going out during stormy conditions or when the sea is too rough. Be aware of the tides and currents, as they can change rapidly. If you’re caught in a current, don’t panic. Swim perpendicular to the current to get out of it.
  12. Observe, Don’t Touch Marine Life: Avoid touching or standing on coral reefs. They are delicate and can be easily damaged. Observe marine life from a distance without disturbing them.
  13. Stay Relaxed: If you feel tired or anxious, take a break. You waste a lot of energy and increase the risk of danger if you panic. Floating on your back can help you relax and catch your breath. It also helps if you have a flotation device so you can just rely on it to keep you afloat instead of struggling in the water.
  14. Enter Water Correctly: If entering from a boat, use the ladder or follow any procedures outlined by the crew. If entering from shore, it’s recommended that you wear your fins in the water. Also, be cautious of waves and rocky terrain.
  15. Stay Near the Surface: As a beginner, you’ll see plenty without diving deep. Plus, it’s safer and easier to breathe when close to the surface. Don’t dive underwater until you get more snorkeling experience.
  16. Use a Buoyancy Aid: For added buoyancy and safety, consider using a snorkeling vest or even a life vest, especially if you’re not a strong swimmer.
  17. Avoid Alcohol and Drugs: They can impair judgment, coordination, and your body’s ability to regulate temperature.
  18. Pay Attention to Boat Traffic: In areas with boat traffic, use a snorkeling buoy or flag to indicate your position to nearby boats.
  19. Protect Yourself Against Jellyfish: In areas known for jellyfish, consider wearing a full-body rash guard or thin wetsuit. Jellyfish stings cannot penetrate through them, so having as much coverage as possible is useful.
  20. Know Your Limitations: Don’t push yourself too hard or go too far from the shore or boat. Know your physical limits and stay within them.
  21. Plan Your Exit: Before venturing out, always have a clear plan of where and how you’ll get out of the water, whether it’s a particular part of the beach or returning to a boat.

Frequently Asked Questions

What equipment do I need for snorkeling?

For a basic snorkeling experience, you’ll require the following equipment:

  1. Snorkel Mask: This allows you to clearly see underwater. Ensure it fits snugly without being too tight.
  2. Snorkel: Attached to the mask, this tube lets you breathe while floating on the surface. There are different types like the classic, semi-dry, and dry snorkel.
  3. Fins: Fins help you navigate underwater with less effort. They come in full-foot and open-heel varieties.
  4. Wetsuit or Rash Guard: Depending on the water temperature, you might need a wetsuit. In warmer climates, a rash guard might suffice to protect against the sun and minor abrasions.
  5. Mesh Bag: Useful for carrying and rinsing your gear.
  6. Defogger or Baby Shampoo: Helps in preventing the mask from fogging up.

Additional equipment such as underwater cameras, flotation devices, and dive flags might also be useful, depending on your needs and the snorkeling location.

What kind of clothing or swimwear is best for snorkeling?

The ideal clothing for snorkeling would depend on the water temperature and personal preferences. Generally:

  1. Wetsuits: Recommended for colder waters, they provide thermal protection. They come in various thicknesses, typically from 0.5mm to 7mm.
  2. Rash Guards: In warmer waters, a rash guard can protect you from sunburn and minor abrasions. They are lightweight and quick-drying.
  3. Swimwear: A comfortable swimsuit under a wetsuit or rash guard is essential. Ensure it’s not too tight or loose.
  4. UV Protective Clothing: If you’re snorkeling in intense sunlight, wear clothing that offers UV protection.
  5. Booties: If using open-heel fins, neoprene booties help in comfort and protection against rough surfaces.

How do I equalize pressure in my ears while snorkeling?

When snorkeling, you usually stay close to the surface, so equalizing might not often be necessary. However, if you decide to dive deeper:

  1. Start equalizing early and do it often as you descend.
  2. Pinch your nose and gently blow against it while keeping your mouth closed (known as the Valsalva maneuver).
  3. Swallowing and wiggling your jaw can also help.

Never force equalization, and if you feel pain, ascend slightly to relieve the pressure and try again.

Is it better to snorkel during high or low tide?

Both high and low tides offer unique snorkeling experiences:

  1. High Tide: Provides clearer visibility as there’s less sand stirred up. Deeper water might allow for easier swimming and covering more ground.
  2. Low Tide: Reveals more marine life in shallow areas, including tide pools. However, care is needed to avoid harming marine life or getting injured on exposed corals.

Always check local tide charts, be aware of currents, and ensure safety first.

Can I feed the marine animals while snorkeling?

It’s generally discouraged to feed marine animals while snorkeling. Feeding can:

  1. Alter their natural behavior.
  2. Lead to dependency on human-provided food.
  3. Cause harm if the food isn’t suitable.
  4. Disrupt the ecological balance.

Always observe marine life without interference.

How can I ensure that I don’t damage the coral or disturb marine life?

Follow these guidelines:

  1. Maintain Buoyancy: Avoid standing or resting on corals.
  2. Mind Your Fins: Keep your fins away from the bottom to avoid stirring up sediment or accidentally kicking corals.
  3. Stay on the Path: If there’s a designated snorkeling route, stick to it.
  4. Avoid Touching: Never touch, chase, or harass marine life.
  5. Control Your Equipment: Ensure snorkels, cameras, or other gear don’t drag or hit the reef.

What should I do if I feel panic or anxiety while snorkeling?

If you start feeling panicked:

  1. Signal your snorkeling buddy or guide immediately.
  2. Inflate your flotation device if you have one.
  3. Float on your back, breathe slowly and deeply. Focus on your breath.
  4. Avoid making sudden movements.
  5. Once calm, slowly make your way to the shore or boat.

Before snorkeling, familiarize yourself with hand signals and always have a buddy with you.

How do I clean and maintain my snorkeling equipment?

Regular maintenance ensures your equipment lasts longer:

  1. Rinse with Fresh Water: After every use, rinse all equipment with fresh water to remove salt, sand, and other debris.
  2. Defogger Solution: Clean the inside of your mask with defogger or baby shampoo and rinse.
  3. Dry Properly: Let your gear air dry in a shaded area. Direct sunlight can degrade some materials.
  4. Store Properly: Keep in a cool, dry place. Avoid placing heavy objects on top of masks or fins.
  5. Regularly Check: Inspect for any wear and tear, especially the straps and buckles.

Remember, well-maintained equipment not only lasts longer but also ensures your safety while snorkeling.